The United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 6.3 explicitly encourages the use of wastewater. For the effective monitoring of such global goals, political buy-in by Member States is crucial. Moreover, data gathering for monitoring purposes must incorporate both biophysical, as well as institutional and socioeconomic dimensions of wastewater use. UN-Habitat, as the co-custodian of Target 6.3, has received requests from several UN Member States to provide guidance on recycling and reuse strategies for wastewater. The SDGs emphasise the need for robust data and bottom-up approaches to monitoring that recognises interconnections between a range of sectors and environmental resources. This is aligned with the Nexus Approach, which encourages the reuse of environmental resources, considering the interconnections between water, soil, and waste. Applying a Nexus Approach, the UNU-FLORES Nexus Observatory initiative responds to the needs of the UN and its Member States by encouraging political buy-in while also building capacity for data gathering that is holistic and responds to needs of decision makers at global, regional, and national levels.
The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that was signed between UN-Habitat and UNU-FLORES aims to develop, test, and validate a monitoring methodology for SDG Target 6.3. In May 2016 a regional consultation in Asia, supported by the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam Ministry of Construction also resolved to develop such a methodology. UNUFLORES and UN-Habitat have since worked closely to develop a prototype monitoring methodology that benefits from consultations with the Ministry of Environment and Bogor Agriculture University in Indonesia – the Wastewater Reuse Effectiveness Index (WREI). Preliminary discussions between UNU-FLORES and the State Secretariat of Sanitation and Water Resources of São Paulo, Brazil indicate support for pilot testing this methodology for monitoring SDG Target 6.3.
In attendance at the Workshop are members of the Arab Countries Water Utilities Association (ACWUA), in addition to representatives from Brazil and Indonesia who are participating as observer countries. Participants from UN Member States and utility companies participating in the workshop in Amman will receive guidance on indicators and approaches to monitoring that include institutional and socioeconomic aspects of wastewater planning and management. Regional and international cooperation focussed on building capacity for monitoring of SDG Target 6.3 will be outlined in the form of a workshop communiqué.
Kempinski Amman Hotel,
Abdul Hameed Shouman Street Shmeisani,
P.O. Box 941045, Amman 11194